Battle of Nashville / Civil War Sites
Battle of Nashville Preservation Society
Union Fort Negley
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Fort Negley Park

Left: The main gate at Fort Negley Park.

Large Civil War-era Union stone fort:
After its capture in 1862, Nashville was developed by Union forces into the most fortified city in North America, second only to Washington, D.C. A series of forts ringed the city, the largest and southernmost being Fort Negley, named for U.S. Gen. James Scott Negley, provost marshal and commander of Federal forces in Nashville.

Location Maps.

The others were Fort Casino, Fort Morton, and Fort Gillem.

The remains of Fort Negley are located on a high hill south of downtown Nashville at the confluence of Interstates 65 and 40 and adjacent to the Cumberland Science Museum and Greer Stadium.

During the 1930s, WPA work crews restored the old fort to its original appearance, but the location was allowed to deteriorate and become overgrown with vegetation.

The opening guns of the Battle of Nashville, Dec. 15-16, 1864, were probably fired from Fort Negley, although the fort itself was never directly attacked at any time during the war.

Fort Negley was a complex fort, many of its features based on European forts. The fort was built in 1862, taking three months to construct. Many blacks were used in the construction, including 13,000 Union soldiers. The fort is 600 feet long, 300 feet wide, and covers four acres. It used 62,500 cubic feet of stone and 18,000 cubic feet of earth. It cost $130,000 to construct.

Over the years, Fort Negley deteriorated and become overgrown and forgotten. Now, however, efforts are being made to restore the old fort to its original appearance.

In December 2004, the historic fort was re-opened to the public for the first time in 60 years, complete with parking, walkways and interpretive signage. The fort is open during daylight hours for self-guided tours. There is no fee.

One day, it is envisioned, Fort Negley will serve as an interpretive center for the Battle of Nashville and the study of Nashville under Union occupation during the war.

More details on Fort Negley

Source: Metropolitan Historical Commission